The National Observatory of Athens (NOA), established in 1842, is the oldest research centre in Greece and a public entity, supervised by the General Secretariat for Research and Technology. The Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development (IERSD) is one of three Institutes of NOA, and it was established in 1846. The main activities of IERSD focus on: (a) meteorology and hydrology (operational weather forecasts, meteorological and hydrological observations and modelling with emphasis on extreme hydrometeorological events and the study of surface and underground water bodies), (b) the atmospheric environment (investigation of physico-chemical processes in the atmosphere based on observations and models, air quality and other environmental pressure studies), (c) climate and climate change (studies of the past, current and future climate trends and extremes, on the assessment of the environmental, financial and social impacts of climate change and on adaptation and mitigation measures) and (d) energy (building typologies, energy efficiency, solar energy resources, energy modeling and planning.
More specifically the Meteorology Group has a long experience on: (a) numerical weather prediction based on state-of-the-art atmospheric models (BOLAM, MM5 and WRF) (b) study of the dynamical and physical properties of atmospheric weather systems in the Mediterranean with emphasis on high impact weather events (flash floods, intense cyclogenesis, wind storms) including the analysis of the societal impacts of adverse weather (c) weather monitoring: operation of a network of 350 surface meteorological stations, of ZEUS long-range lightning detection network, of METEOSAT data receiving system (d) solid experience on regional climate simulations and analysis of climate scenarios.
Role in project
The Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development (IERSD) will conduct trainings in operational weather forecasting based on state-of-the-art numerical weather prediction models and present a – still expanding – network of automated meteorological stations, application of regional climate models (RCMs) for the study of the effect of anthropogenic activities on climate, socioeconomic impacts of severe weather events.